How to stay safe when using Wi-Fi

You may have a personal Wi-Fi router at home to give internet access for the whole family. Some of your neighbors and guests may request the password for your Wi-Fi network to connect to the internet. As long as they know the password, anytime they are within range of your personal Wi-Fi router’s signals, they will be able to instantly access the internet.

Compared to wired networks, Wi-Fi signals may extend beyond the apartment’s walls. It is difficult to control who may access the home network once the login code has been compromised. Therefore, you must apply certain enhancements and methods to protect yourself from internet snoopers, invaders, and carpet baggers.

The actions listed below are crucial for securing the Wi-Fi signals in your home.

Unique and strong password

Many wireless routers come pre-configured with a default password. This default password is readily guessed by hackers, particularly if they know the manufacturer of the router. Ensure that the new password for your router comprises a mix of letters, numbers, and special characters. The password must include at least 20 characters. By establishing a unique and robust password, it becomes much more difficult for hackers to crack your password.

There is no regulation about how often the router key must be changed. It must be updated regularly, despite the fact that it might be difficult to learn a new email or online banking password when you must constantly sign in.

Turn on Network Encryption

Almost all routers include encryption capabilities. It is disabled by default. Activating the authentication option on your wireless router helps safeguard your connection. After your internet service provider has installed the router, you must activate it. For bigger enterprises, it is preferable to use WPA for business mode, which allows clients to connect to the Wi-Fi network using their own login and password.

Rogue Wi-Fi access stations

Rogue access points provide a significant security concern. These are not “approved” Wi-Fi access points for your firm; rather, they were set up by employees or hackers who invaded your facility or suddenly connected it to an Ethernet node. In this circumstance, rogue access points pose a threat since you have no control over them.

Using a mobile or laptop equipped with relevant apps such as Airodumping or Vistumbler, you will be required to regularly check your workplace and surroundings for rogue access points.

Improve Wi-Fi encryption

Numerous other hacker tools may defeat soft Wi-Fi authentication, allowing an attacker to access, see, and modify your internet activities. There is widespread usage of three types of Wi-Fi defensive systems to encrypt transmissions so that only the computer of the end user and the Wi-Fi router can read the transmission’s content.

There are three types of Wi-Fi security:

  • (WEP)
  • (WPA)
  • (WPA 2).

You may configure Wi-Fi authentication and encryption using the router’s controller. It is recommended to use WPA2, but if that is not possible, WEP encryption must be used.

Disable Plug ‘n Play

Indeed, UPnP is essential to the growth of the Internet of Things. This system enables smart appliance operation. Essentially, this equipment may be linked to the internet, making UPnP vulnerable to hacking. When these household appliances are linked to your Wi-Fi network, they may function.

Although the construction of self-tuning gadgets is appealing, the use of inadequate password protection on the majority of these devices or corporations using the same password for all devices makes smart equipment and devices susceptible to security breaches. You must therefore disable the UPnP connection on your network.

Limit WPS

The WPS (Wi-Fi Protected Setup) makes it simple and easy to add devices for router connection and network identification by primarily using one of the following methods.

Due to the simplicity of the coding approach, WPS poses a security risk. If the router has a WPS button, disable all WPS code capabilities and rely only on this button. If there is no button, disable WPS since the coded alternative poses a significant security risk to your network.

Utilize a Virtual Private Network (VPN)

VPNs are mostly used to increase internet privacy. The security features provided by a VPN service prevent an assault on your network. Mobile packet capture problems are excellently solved by VPN. A Virtual Process Network encrypts all data sent to and from your device to a distant server over the internet through your Wi-Fi connection.

NordVPN is among the top VPN services since it never compromises customers’ online privacy and security. Your IP address is encrypted, therefore protecting you from mobile packet sniffers and hackers.

Employ a solid firewall

In routers, a “firewall” is established to protect your devices from hazardous intrusions into your privacy. Typically, wireless routers already have firewalls installed, but they are often provided to customers with the firewall turned off. Verify that the wireless network’s firewall is on.

Modify your SSID

A Service Set Identifier (SSID) is a wireless network word. There is always a default SSID assigned to every router. To connect to a wireless network, the SSID must be recognized.

When there are many mobile networks within reach with identical SSIDs, it might be difficult to identify your network. Changing the SSID gives additional safety. When a hacker discovers that the router model you rely on has a generic SSID name, it will be quite simple for them to identify all of the router’s vulnerabilities.

Change the SSID of your router two to three times every year.

Disable remote administration

The Remote Administrator lets you remotely access your router via the internet and make changes to the router. If you do not use this feature, you should remove the remote control from the device.

If remote administration is enabled, it also means that hackers may access your routers without a password or account. Therefore, you should disable this function for your own safety.

Disable the router

When you are not using the internet, it is preferable to switch off your Wi-Fi network. If you are sleeping or leaving the house at night, you should turn off your network and disconnect any other active equipment. The less your Wi-Fi network operates, the lower the chance of a hacker attack.

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